Below you can find a complete list of Indonesian animals. We currently track 160 animals in Indonesia and are adding more every day!
Indonesia contains some of the most diverse and unique wildlife on the planet. Covered in lush rainforests, dry volcanic terrain, alpine forests, coastal forests, and wetlands, the country consists of thousands of different islands, including the largest: Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, and parts of Borneo and western New Guinea. The rainforests of Borneo alone are a source of immense biodiversity. Many of its native species are found nowhere else on the planet.
The Official National Animal of Indonesia
The Komodo dragon, which holds the distinction of the largest species of lizards in the world, is the official animal of Indonesia. However, the national emblem of Indonesia actually contains a mythical bird called a Garuda.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Indonesia
The island’s national parks, including Tanjung Puting National Park in the rich rainforests of Borneo, the Baluran National Park near the eponymous volcano in Java, and the Kerinci Seblat National Park near a volcanic peak in Sumatra, are the best places to find Indonesian wildlife.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Indonesia Today
Indonesia is home to many venomous animals, including:
Sea Wasp – This species of box jellyfish, which is native to the oceans near Indonesia, can deliver an intense, burning sting that only rarely results in death.
Saltwater Crocodile – As the largest living reptile on the planet, the dangerous saltwater crocodile also has a tendency to attack humans as prey.
Yellow-Lipped Sea Krait – This sea snake can deliver a powerful and dangerous neurotoxin that severely affects nerve function.
Endangered Animals in Indonesia
Many of Indonesia’s most iconic species are now threatened by urbanization and deforestation, particularly from agriculture.
Sumatran Tiger – This subspecies of the tiger is one of the most powerful carnivores on the planet. Less than a thousand Sumatran tigers remain in the wild.
Sumatran Rhino – Prized for its two massive horns, the Sumatran rhino was once native to a massive range as far north as China, but it is now completely gone from the Asian mainland.
Orangutans – All three living species of orangutan which occupy the wild forests of Indonesia – the Sumatran orangutan, the Borneo orangutan, and the Tapanuli orangutan – are in critical danger of becoming extinct.
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Renew their horns every year!
Domesticated for hundreds of years!
It mainly eats mangos and coffee!
Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!
Markings give it camouflage!
There are over 2,000 known species!
Found everywhere around the world!
Detects prey using echolocation!
There are 8 different species!
There are more than 350,000 different species
Also known as the Asian Bearcat!
Not all birds are able to fly!
They typically prey on insects!
The most common species of bee!
There are thought to be up 20,000 species!
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
The most common raptor in the UK!
There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Found throughout the South-East Asian jungles!
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Many are critically endangered species!
Have changed little in 200 million years!
Has a long, strong prehensile tail!
There are around 40 different species!
Only 2,000 left in the wild!
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
Has exceptional eyesight!
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Spends around 22 hours a day eating!
The fastest creatures on the planet!
Found across mainland Europe and Asia!
Scoops fish out of the water using it's paw!
There are more than 240,000 different species!
The second pair of upper incisors in a flying lemur has a double root, which is unique for mammals.
Can glide up to 90 meters!
There are 12 different species in the world!
There are around 7,000 different species!
Among the largest bats in the world
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
Originally known as the Desert Rat!
Found in dense jungles and tropical forests!
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Most closely related to the Sheep!
Migrates between Europe and Asia!
There are 29 different species!
There are 11,000 known species!
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!
Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
There are only 8 recognized species!
Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
There are an estimated 30 million species!
They are the longest poisonous snake in the world.
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
Only found on five Indonesian islands
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
There are 11 different species!
The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!
There are around 5,000 different species!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Ear tufts make it look bigger!
The lorikeet has a long brush-like tongue with fine hairs on it
They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!
Also known as the Oriental Civet!
Found throughout Asia, India and China!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
Females lay up to 5 million eggs at one time in warm, shallow and salty waters
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.
Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!
There are around 260 known species!
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
There are 250,000 different species!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!
Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!
Named more than 1,000 years ago!
There are more than 5,000 species.
Shares 97% of its DNA with humans!
There are 13 different species worldwide
Bad eyesight, but great sense of smell
Can live for up to 100 years!
Most commonly found on the Indian mainland!
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas
There are 500 different species!
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
There are more than 50 different species!
Omnivores that eat anything!
It's horns are made from keratin!
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
There are more than 700 different species!
There are around 2,000 known species!
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Found widely throughout British gardens!
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 3,000 known species worldwide
There are 140 different species!
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
Average adults weigh about 200 grams!
Less than 2,000 left in the wild!
Known to make mental maps of the forest!
The smallest species of rhino!
The smallest species of tiger!
Populations have been affected by pollution!
Inhabits an isolated mountain range in northwestern Sumatra!
Most closely related to horses and rhinos!
Each eye weighs more than their whole brain!
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
The largest feline in the world!
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
There are 30 different species worldwide!
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Has been domesticated for thousands of years!
Spends most of it's time in the trees!
The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!
None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!
Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
Actually a crustacean, not an insect!
There are 200 different species!
There are around 75 different species!
Indonesian Animals List
Animals in Indonesia FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What are some extinct animals in Indonesia?
The list of extinct animals includes the Sulawesi dwarf elephant, giant rats, a giant boar, and a few subspecies of the tiger.
What is the largest animal in Indonesia?
The largest animal is the Sumatran elephant, which also happens to be endangered.