Below you can find a complete list of Southern Indonesian animals. We currently track 144 animals in Indonesia (Southern Borneo) and are adding more every day!
The tropical rainforests, peat swamps, freshwater swamp forests and mangroves in Indonesia (Southern Borneo) are home to all kinds of unique animals. Some of the more recognizable ones include orangutans, Siamese crocodiles, and the Bornean slow loris. In terms of species, Indonesia (Southern Borneo) is home to 222 mammals, 420 birds, 394 fish and more than 150 species of reptiles and amphibians.
The Official National Animal of Indonesia (Southern Borneo)
The national animal of Indonesia is the Komodo dragon. The Komodo dragon is the largest lizard in existence and is endemic to Indonesia. These creatures can grow as long as 10 feet and weigh up to 300 pounds. This large, powerful mammal has a long history stretching back about a million years!
Indonesia is home to Komodo National Park. This park was created in 1980 to offer protection to Komodo dragons so they wouldn’t become extinct. These creatures now have a conservation status of Vulnerable. The exact population of this animal is unknown.
A couple other animals serve as national emblems of Indonesia. The national bird is the Javan hawk-eagle. This majestic eagle has an intricate pattern of dark and light brown feathers along with a black crest atop its head. These birds are considered an Endangered species.
The Asian arowana is the national fish of Indonesia. The Asian arowana is a freshwater fish that can reach a length of 35 inches. These fish are said to resemble the Chinese dragon and are considered symbols of good luck. The Asian arowana is categorized as Endangered.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Indonesia (Southern Borneo) Today
Not surprisingly, the rainforests and swamps of Indonesia (Southern Borneo) are home to a few dangerous animals. Luckily, many of these animals stay hidden most of the time. The most dangerous animals in Indonesia (Southern Borneo) include:
- Saltwater Crocodiles – Saltwater crocodiles are dangerous because of their size, speed, and ability to stay hidden until they’re ready to strike. Male saltwater crocodiles can grow as long as 19.8 feet and weigh as much as 2,200 pounds! Furthermore, they can swim a short distance at a rate of 18 mph. From 2007 to 2016 there were 221 attacks on humans by crocodiles resulting in 129 deaths.
- Sun Bear – Looking at its name it doesn’t seem like a sun bear would be threatening. But they are known for their aggressive nature. Though these are small bears standing at about 28 inches tall and weighing between 140 and 150 pounds, they have long, curved claws and powerful teeth. The number of people attacked by sun bears is unknown. But villagers in Indonesia (Southern Borneo) recognize the serious danger posed by sun bears and avoid going into their territory.
- White-Lipped Green Pit Viper – This is a bright green snake with yellow eyes. It is venomous and responsible for 50 percent of all venomous snake bites in Indonesia. This snake stays in the trees and attacks its prey from above. Most people who are bitten do not see this reptile until it’s too late. The good news is though their bite is painful, the venom is not deadly to humans in most cases.
- Water Monitor – This is a large species of lizard measuring up to six feet, seven inches in length and sometimes weighing up to 100 pounds. These animals usually stay away from humans, but can be dangerous if encountered. Their long tail is what makes them dangerous. They have the power to swiftly whip their long, powerful tail causing deep cuts requiring stitches. Their bite is venomous though their venom is considered mild.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Indonesia (Southern Borneo)
The muddy mangroves, freshwater swamp forests, and rainforests are home to many unique animals. Here are some places where you can see unique and famous wildlife in Indonesia (Southern Borneo).
- Orangutans – Orangutans live in the tops of trees in rainforests as well as around mangrove swamps. Tanjung Puting National Park and Gunung Palung Park are home to many orangutan families.
- Proboscis Monkey – These odd-looking monkeys live in mangrove forests. Proboscis monkeys are also found in Tanjung Puting National Park in Indonesia.
- Sun Bear – Sun bears live around swamps and in tropical forests. You can see them in Tanjung Puting National Park.
- Clouded Leopard – These mammals are adept climbers living deep in the Indonesian rainforests. Some of these leopards live in Kutai National Park. These leopards stay so well-hidden, they were once thought to be extinct.
- Yellow-Throated Marten – This small mammal resembles a ferret. They have a tropical forest habitat and many live in Kutai National Park.
- Gibbon – These tropical rainforest dwellers are acrobats swinging on branches and moving with agility through the trees. They can be seen in Sebangau National Park.
Habitat loss due to logging activity, construction, and land expansion is one of the threats to many wild animals living in Indonesia (Southern Borneo). Hunting and environmental pollution are other threats that have caused many unique animals to go on the Endangered species list. Some examples of Endangered or Critically Endangered (almost Extinct) wildlife in Indonesia include:
- Siamese crocodile
- Proboscis monkey
- Bornean gibbon
- Asian arowana
- Hairy-nosed otter
- Bornean peacock pheasant
Southern Indonesian Animals
Southern Indonesian Animals List
- Asian Palm Civet
- Banded Palm Civet
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Bornean Orang-utan
- Borneo Elephant
- Camel Cricket
- Common Buzzard
- Crab-Eating Macaque
- Crab Spider
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Fishing Cat
- Flying Squirrel
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Honey Bee
- Huntsman Spider
- King Cobra
- Leopard Cat
- Long-Eared Owl
- Malayan Civet
- Masked Palm Civet
- Monitor Lizard
- Pond Skater
- Proboscis Monkey
- River Turtle
- Slow Worm
- Stick Insect
- Sun Bear
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Dragon
- White Tiger
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Indonesia (Southern Borneo) FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What types of animals live in Borneo?
Lots of different animals live in Borneo including mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and fish.
Are there dangerous animals in Borneo?
Yes. Water monitors, sun bears and saltwater crocodiles are three examples of dangerous animals in Borneo.
What is the most dangerous animal in Borneo?
There’s a lot of dangerous wildlife in Borneo. But, the venomous, Yellow-lipped sea krait snake is one in particular to watch out for.
Are there gorillas in Borneo?
No, but there are orangutans in Borneo. Though gorillas and orangutans are in the same family, they each belong to their own genus.