Animals in Taiwan

Below you can find a complete list of Taiwanese animals. We currently track 137 animals in Taiwan and are adding more every day!

Because of its wide range of topography, the island of Taiwan is home to a surprisingly large number of wildlife species. More than 120 species of mammals have been identified as well as more than 650 species of birds. There are many species other than mammals in Taiwan as well, including the dangerous Chinese Cobra and several other venomous reptiles.

Although they are not strictly animals, it should be noted that Taiwan is also home to huge numbers of butterflies and is regarded as somewhat of a paradise for Lepidoptera aficionados.

National Animals of Taiwan

While there is no official National Animal of Taiwan, the symbol is generally attributed ex-officio to the Formosan Black, or Sun, Bear. The Taiwan Blue Magpie is similarly regarded as the unofficial national bird species symbol. Two other native species, the Formosan Rock Macaque, a primate, and the majestic Mikado Pheasant are also tightly associated with the island since they are not found elsewhere in the world.

The Most Dangerous Animals of Taiwan.

Various invasive types of dangerous hornets have been in the news lately, and Taiwan is home to two ferocious Asian Hornet species. The first is the Tiger Head Hornet, which builds its nests primarily in trees, and the second is the ground-dwelling Ground Hornet.

Other small but deadly creatures include the Funnel-web Spider and the Giant Centipede. Among the mammals, the Formosan Black Bear could be considered deadly under the right circumstances as well.

Yet the really deadly animals are found in Taiwan’s collection of reptile species. The Bamboo Viper, Chinese Cobra, and Many Banded Krait are among the most deadly snakes found anywhere on the planet.

Where To Find The Top Wildlife on Taiwan

The best places to find wild animals on Taiwan are in the country’s nine National Parks.

Dongsha Atoll, Taijiang, Kenting, and South Pengu Marine National Parks offer wide varieties of marine, coastal, and avian wildlife species.

Yanmingshan National Park is home to many bird and reptile species. It is also a favorite spot for butterfly observation.

Yushan and Shei-Pa National Parks encompass the species of Taiwan’s mountainous central spine. Starting in the lowlands and rising up to about 4000 meters, these parks display wide varieties of animal life in a great many diverse ecosystems.

Bird watchers enjoy the relatively unpopulated confines of the small islands of the Kinmen National Park. The country’s most popular park, Taroko National Park, offers many excellent opportunities to view native riverine wildlife as well as the spectacular scenery of the Taroko Gorge.

Endangered Animal Species On Taiwan

On a highly-populated island, it is no surprise that there are a number of endangered species present. The Taiwan government has been diligent in listing and protecting these species. In addition, they are engaged in serious habitat maintenance and recovery efforts to avoid having any new additions on the extinct animal list.

Unfortunately, the most important entry on this list, the Formosan Clouded Leopard, is now believed to be extinct. The only other large predator on the island, the Formosan Black Bear, is very endangered and subject to stringent preservation efforts.

Other Taiwan species on the endangered list include the Formosan Flying Fox, or Formosan Fruit Bat, the Chinese Otter, the Oriental White Stork, Black Eagle, a number of sea and land turtle species, the Hundred Pace Snake, and the magnificent Mikado Pheasant.

Taiwanese Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Antelope

Renew their horns every year!

Asian Giant Hornet

The largest wasp in the world!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Barb

There are over 2,000 known species!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Bear

There are 8 different species!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Crocodile

Have changed little in 200 million years!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Elephant

Spends around 22 hours a day eating!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Gecko

There are thought to be over 2,000 species!

Gerbil

Originally known as the Desert Rat!

Giant Salamander

Cryptobranchus giant salamanders breathe mostly through their skin.

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Green Bee-Eater

Mainly eats honeybees!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Ibis

Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Leopard Cat

There are 11 different species!

Liger

The offspring of a lion and tiger parents!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Masked Palm Civet

Found throughout Asia, India and China!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Milkfish

Females lay up to 5 million eggs at one time in warm, shallow and salty waters

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Mongoose

Range in size from just 1 to 3 foot!

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Monitor Lizard

Some species are thought to carry a weak venom!

Monkey

There are around 260 known species!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Parrot

Can live for up to 100 years!

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Rhinoceros

It's horns are made from keratin!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger

The largest feline in the world!

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Uguisu

Their guano is used in face creams!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Dragon

Spends most of it's time in the trees!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

White Tiger

None have been seen in the wild for 50 years!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Zebu

There are around 75 different species!

Taiwanese Animals List

Animals in Taiwan FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live on Taiwan?

In addition to those listed above, Taiwan is home to numerous other species such as wild boar, the Crab-eating Mongoose, the Chinese Pangolin, several species of flying squirrels including the Red and White Giant Flying Squirrel, a dozen bat species including the Formosan Flying Fox, and the Reeve’s Muntjac – a small deer.

Are there tigers on Taiwan?

No. The only large predator found in Taiwan is the endangered Formosan Black Bear.

Are there elephants on Taiwan?

There are no native species of elephants in Taiwan.

Are there monkeys on Taiwan?

Yes. The Formosan Rock Macaque is a small gray or brown primate that grows to about 2 ft. (50-60 cm) in height (less tail) and weighing anywhere from 11 to 25 pounds (5-12 kg). This animal is perhaps the most visible symbol of wildlife in Taiwan since so many people have interacted with it. The Formosan Rock Macaque is somewhat at risk of survival but not in danger of going extinct any time soon.

This is largely the result of human-macaque interaction where Taiwanese inhabitants feed macaques and encourage them to live closer to civilization. Here, their normal eating habits become a threat to local farmers and result in their being hunted down.