Below you can find a complete list of Taiwanese animals. We currently track 137 animals in Taiwan and are adding more every day!
Because of its wide range of topography, the island of Taiwan is home to a surprisingly large number of wildlife species. More than 120 species of mammals have been identified as well as more than 650 species of birds. There are many species other than mammals in Taiwan as well, including the dangerous Chinese Cobra and several other venomous reptiles.
Although they are not strictly animals, it should be noted that Taiwan is also home to huge numbers of butterflies and is regarded as somewhat of a paradise for Lepidoptera aficionados.
National Animals of Taiwan
While there is no official National Animal of Taiwan, the symbol is generally attributed ex-officio to the Formosan Black, or Sun, Bear. The Taiwan Blue Magpie is similarly regarded as the unofficial national bird species symbol. Two other native species, the Formosan Rock Macaque, a primate, and the majestic Mikado Pheasant are also tightly associated with the island since they are not found elsewhere in the world.
The Most Dangerous Animals of Taiwan.
Various invasive types of dangerous hornets have been in the news lately, and Taiwan is home to two ferocious Asian Hornet species. The first is the Tiger Head Hornet, which builds its nests primarily in trees, and the second is the ground-dwelling Ground Hornet.
Yet the really deadly animals are found in Taiwan’s collection of reptile species. The Bamboo Viper, Chinese Cobra, and Many Banded Krait are among the most deadly snakes found anywhere on the planet.
Where To Find The Top Wildlife on Taiwan
The best places to find wild animals on Taiwan are in the country’s nine National Parks.
Yushan and Shei-Pa National Parks encompass the species of Taiwan’s mountainous central spine. Starting in the lowlands and rising up to about 4000 meters, these parks display wide varieties of animal life in a great many diverse ecosystems.
Bird watchers enjoy the relatively unpopulated confines of the small islands of the Kinmen National Park. The country’s most popular park, Taroko National Park, offers many excellent opportunities to view native riverine wildlife as well as the spectacular scenery of the Taroko Gorge.
Endangered Animal Species On Taiwan
On a highly-populated island, it is no surprise that there are a number of endangered species present. The Taiwan government has been diligent in listing and protecting these species. In addition, they are engaged in serious habitat maintenance and recovery efforts to avoid having any new additions on the extinct animal list.
Unfortunately, the most important entry on this list, the Formosan Clouded Leopard, is now believed to be extinct. The only other large predator on the island, the Formosan Black Bear, is very endangered and subject to stringent preservation efforts.
Other Taiwan species on the endangered list include the Formosan Flying Fox, or Formosan Fruit Bat, the Chinese Otter, the Oriental White Stork, Black Eagle, a number of sea and land turtle species, the Hundred Pace Snake, and the magnificent Mikado Pheasant.
Taiwanese Animals List
- Asian Giant Hornet
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Camel Cricket
- Common Buzzard
- Crab Spider
- Fire-Bellied Toad
- Flying Squirrel
- Giant Salamander
- Glass Lizard
- Glow Worm
- Golden Oriole
- Green Bee-Eater
- Honey Bee
- Huntsman Spider
- Leopard Cat
- Long-Eared Owl
- Masked Palm Civet
- Monitor Lizard
- No See Ums
- Peregrine Falcon
- Pond Skater
- River Turtle
- Skink Lizard
- Slow Worm
- Stick Insect
- Tree Frog
- Water Buffalo
- Water Dragon
- White Tiger
- Wild Boar
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Taiwan FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What animals live on Taiwan?
In addition to those listed above, Taiwan is home to numerous other species such as wild boar, the Crab-eating Mongoose, the Chinese Pangolin, several species of flying squirrels including the Red and White Giant Flying Squirrel, a dozen bat species including the Formosan Flying Fox, and the Reeve’s Muntjac – a small deer.
Are there tigers on Taiwan?
No. The only large predator found in Taiwan is the endangered Formosan Black Bear.
Are there elephants on Taiwan?
There are no native species of elephants in Taiwan.
Are there monkeys on Taiwan?
Yes. The Formosan Rock Macaque is a small gray or brown primate that grows to about 2 ft. (50-60 cm) in height (less tail) and weighing anywhere from 11 to 25 pounds (5-12 kg). This animal is perhaps the most visible symbol of wildlife in Taiwan since so many people have interacted with it. The Formosan Rock Macaque is somewhat at risk of survival but not in danger of going extinct any time soon.
This is largely the result of human-macaque interaction where Taiwanese inhabitants feed macaques and encourage them to live closer to civilization. Here, their normal eating habits become a threat to local farmers and result in their being hunted down.