Animals in Spain

Below you can find a complete list of Spanish animals. We currently track 151 animals in Spain and are adding more every day!

Sharing a land border with Portugal in the west and France to the north, Spain is a country of diverse climates and unique wildlife. It is comprised of the Spanish mainland, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, and the Canary Islands just off the coast of North Africa. The interior of the country is dominated by high plateaus interspersed by long mountain chains, including the Pyrenees, the Montes de Toledo, and the Sierra Nevada. The rest of the country is comprised of fertile farms and agricultural land. Compared to the hot and dry interior, the Mediterranean coast is kept cool by the sirocco winds emanating from Africa.

The Official National (State) Animal of Spain

The bull is the national animal and an important cultural symbol of Spain. Its cultural status stems from the popularity of bullfighting, which dates back to the 8th century. The most famous event, the Running of the Bulls, takes place every year between July 7th and 14th in the city of Pamplona as part of the San Fermin Festival.

Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in Spain

Spain contains 15 national parks and many smaller refuges and reserves. Ten of these reside on the Spanish mainland. Four of them are on the Canary Islands and one on the Balearic Islands.

The Most Dangerous Animals in Spain Today

Spain’s hot and dry climate is home to several venomous snakes and spiders.

  • Lataste’s Viper – Found within the rocky outcrops of dry scrublands, woodlands, and coastal dunes, Lataste’s viper (also called the snub-nosed viper) can camouflage itself quite well. When it strikes, the snake delivers a powerful venom that may result in pain, swelling, discoloration, and tissue death. The young, elderly, and allergic are most at risk of serious symptoms.
  • Seoane’s Viper – Found all over the northwest of Spain, this large venomous snake goes by several other names, including the Baskian viper, the Iberian cross adder, and the Portuguese viper. It can be identified by the brown zigzag or twin-striped pattern on its body.
  • Asp Viper – A native of northern Spain near the Pyrenees Mountains, the asp viper delivers a very toxic bite that can cause pain and tissue death. The venom may prove fatal in rare cases.

Endangered Animals in Spain

While Spain extends protection to its diverse wildlife, dozens of endangered and vulnerable species could become extinct without proper protection.

  • Iberian Lynx – This unique wild cat was once widespread across southwestern Europe, but it has become endangered from habitat loss, overhunting, disease, and the decline of its natural prey. The lynx is now largely restricted to only a few smaller populations in southern Spain.
  • Mediterranean Monk Seal – The monk seal was once widespread throughout the entire Mediterranean, but overhunting and accidental entanglement in fishing nets have put it at risk of becoming extinct. Less than 700 of them currently remain in the wild.
  • European Rabbit – The famous European rabbit was originally native to southwest Europe. Later introduced all over the world, it is considered an invasive species because of the damage it does to local biodiversity. But in its original habitat, this species has been threatened by habitat loss, pollution, disease, and overhunting. It is classified as endangered by the IUCN Red List.
  • Iberian Wolf – This subspecies of the grey wolf was once widespread across Europe, but after decades of human persecution, it’s now mostly restricted to northwest Spain.
  • Balearic Shearwater – This long-winged migratory sea bird constructs a nest on the coastal cliff of the Balearic Islands in order to breed. It then travels out to sea for the winter season. However, the destruction of its natural nesting sites from coastal development and the threat posed by introduced predators have put this species in danger of becoming extinct.

Spanish Animals

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Badger

Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Chamois

Natively found in the European mountains!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Desert Locust

Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

Ermine

A very bold and ferocious predator!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

Ferret

Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire

Flamingo

Sleeps on just one leg!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Ibex

Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill

Ibizan Hound

Intelligent, active and engaging by nature!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lemming

Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Lynx

Live in dens in rocks and under ledges!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Marmot

A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Monarch Butterfly

During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Porpoise

Surprisingly, not a dolphin!

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Spanish Goat

They have long, horizontal ears.

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Stag Beetle

More than 1,200 different species!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Spanish Animals List

Animals in Spain FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What animals live in Spain?

The most common types of animals native to Spain are the rodents, bats, deer, carnivores (like foxes and badgers), wild boar, goats, several types of insects and spiders, and water and song birds. Fish and shellfish are also common in the southeast of Spain where the Atlantic and Mediterranean mix. Dolphins and whales often appear off the coast of southeastern Spain.

What dangerous animals are in Spain?

Vipers and spiders are some of the most dangerous animals still found in Spain.

Are there tigers in Spain?

No, Spain does not have any indigenous tigers.