Below you can find a complete list of Tasmanian animals. We currently track 84 animals in Australia (Tasmania) and are adding more every day!
The Australian continent is home to some of the most interesting and unique animals in the world. It is home to marsupials and monotremes – animals that brood their young in pouches and egg-laying mammals.
Tasmania is an island state located just south of mainland Australia. Separated from Australia by the Bass Strait, Tasmania has become a final stronghold of some of the most bizarre animals in the world due to its geographic and genetic isolation. Keep reading to learn more about these fascinating creatures.
Australia (Tasmania) Wildlife Summary
Tasmania is a unique and almost mystical place. It has thick rainforests and forbidding mountains. Towering “ghost gum” trees and hug ferns dot the landscape. Its rainforests are populated by strange animals found nowhere else in the world. Some of its predators are rare or presumed extinct, yet wildlife adventurers keep driving and hiking hidden trails in hopes of catching a glimpse.
What types of animals will you see in Tasmania? If you’re quiet and patient, you might glimpse the elusive duck-billed platypus, an animal so strange that scientists thought the first preserved specimens were a taxidermist’s joke. You’re sure to find an abundance of small kangaroos called pademelons and wallabies. You might even see – and hear – the famous Tasmanian devil.
What other animals live in Tasmania? Keep reading to find out.
The Official State Animal of Australia (Tasmania)
The Tasmanian devil is the state animal and emblem of Tasmania. The real-life Tasmanian devil is nothing like the whirlwind cartoon character. Tassie devils are small marsupials, about the size of a large housecat or small dog. They are carnivores and scavengers. Many devils may gather at a carcass, where they snarl, screech, and growl at one another.
Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Australia (Tasmania)
Around 42 percent of Tasmania is protected in the form of national parks and World Heritage Sites. Much of the island is mountainous and densely forested. Southwest National Park and Savage River National Park contain some of the last temperate rainforests in the Southern Hemisphere. Guided automobile and walking tours are available.
The Most Dangerous Animals in Australia (Tasmania) Today
The tiger snake is by far the most dangerous animal in Tasmania. It has a powerful, deadly venom. The Jack Jumper ant is also dangerous, as its sting can produce a deadly allergic reaction. In fact, the Jack Jumper ant killed more people than the tiger snake in one 20-year period.
Endangered Animals in Australia (Tasmania)
Tasmania is home to a number of animals that are extinct on the Australian mainland, including the eastern quoll, eastern barred bandicoot, Tasmanian pademelon, and Tasmanian devil. The quoll and Tasmanian devil are ranked as endangered, and the bandicoot is vulnerable.
Tasmania was also home to the thylacine, also called the Tasmanian tiger or Tasmanian wolf. This sand-colored marsupial was roughly the size and shape of a dog, with tiger-like stripes across its back. The last known specimen died in captivity in 1936. It is currently considered extinct. However, there continue to be unconfirmed sightings of the thylacine in Tasmania to this day.
Tasmanian Animals List
- Barn Owl
- Black Widow Spider
- Camel Cricket
- Crab Spider
- Crested Penguin
- Glow Worm
- Highland Cattle
- Honey Bee
- Huntsman Spider
- Little Penguin
- Marine Toad
- Monitor Lizard
- River Turtle
- Sea Dragon
- Stick Insect
- Striped Rocket Frog
- Tasmanian Devil
- Tasmanian Tiger
- Water Buffalo
- Water Dragon
- Wolf Spider
Animals in Australia (Tasmania) FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
What Animals Live in Tasmania?
Marsupial mammals are the most well-known wildlife in Tasmania. These animals give birth to small, pink babies which crawl into the mother’s fleshy pouch. There, they attach themselves to a teet and continue to grow.
Tasmania’s marsupials include the Tasmanian devil, wombat, platypus, bandicoots, quolls, wallabies, and pademelon (a small kangaroo). There are eleven species of frog, three of which are found only in Tasmania.
Tasmania’s bird population includes parrots, honeyeaters, warblers, robins, eagles, and the little or fairy penguin, the smallest member of the penguin family. The Tasmanian native hen is Australia’s smallest flightless land bird. The emu once called Tasmania home but was hunted to extinction.
Tasmania’s invertebrates are as unique and strange as its marsupials. There is a “mountain shrimp” that resembles Triassic fossils. The Tasmanian cave spider resembles those from Chile and is said to be the most primitive cave spider in the world. There is one species of scorpion in Tasmania. Interestingly, no one has ever been killed by a scorpion in Australia.
In the waters around Tasmania, you will find bottle-nosed dolphins, southern right whales, and humpback whales.
The European red fox is a feral animal in Tasmania. Feral animals are non-native species introduced by humans. Because it outcompetes and endangers native wildlife, efforts have been made to eradicate it from the island. Other feral animals include rabbits, cats, mice, and rats.
What Dangerous Animals Live in Tasmania?
Tasmania is home to a number of snakes classified as “dangerously venomous.” Among these are the lowland copperhead snake and the tiger snake. Because the tiger snake’s coloration can vary widely, you should assume any snake you see in Tasmania is dangerous and keep your distance. Interestingly, Tasmania had a four-decade track record of zero snakebite fatalities. This record was broken in 2020 when an elderly farmer succumbed to a tiger snake bite.
Another dangerous animal is the Jack Jumper ant. They have one of the most powerful venoms among insects, and about three percent of people may experience anaphylactic shock if stung. Four people died from Jack Jumper ant stings between 1980 and 2000.
What Is the Top Predator in Tasmania?
The thylacine was once Tasmania’s top predator. Today, the Tasmanian devil is the largest surviving marsupial carnivore. While they are opportunistic scavengers, Tassy devils can take down small kangaroos.
Are Quokkas in Tasmania?
The quokka, also known as the short-tailed scrub wallaby, is a small macropod marsupial about the size of a housecat. Quokkas have a small range in Western Australia and a few neighboring islands, including Rottnest Island and Bald Island. They do not live in Tasmania.