Bull Terrier

Canis Lupus

Last updated: April 11, 2021
Verified by: AZ Animals Staff

Needs to be kept active!



Bull Terrier Scientific Classification

Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Mammalia
Order
Carnivora
Family
Canidae
Genus
Canis
Scientific Name
Canis Lupus

Bull Terrier Conservation Status

Bull Terrier Locations

Bull Terrier Locations

Bull Terrier Facts

Temperament
Friendly and alert but stubborn
Training
Should be trained from an early age due to their independent nature
Diet
Omnivore
Average Litter Size
7
Common Name
Bull Terrier
Slogan
Needs to be kept active!
Group
Mastiff

Bull Terrier Physical Characteristics

Colour
  • Brown
  • Black
  • White
  • Tan
Skin Type
Hair

Bull Terrier Images

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Bull terriers are high-energy, strong dogs known for their friendliness and persistence.

Bull terriers have an independent streak which can make them challenging to train. This dog has a sad history that dates back to 13th century Britain. A group of dogs would participate in a sporting, or blood sport competition known as bullbaiting. The dogs were released to attack a bull while observers bet on the winning dog. Later in the early 1800s, this dog was put into fierce dogfighting competitions held in a pit or cellar below a tavern. These dogs are sometimes referred to as pit bulls.

Despite its violent history in these sporting activities, the bull terrier is a friendly dog with a playful nature. It’s loyal and serves as an excellent companion and guard dog.

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Another type of bull terrier called the White Cavalier was a favorite with royalty in the 1860s. It’s notable for its all white coat of fur.

3 Pros and Cons of Owning a Bull Terrier

Pros! Cons!
An easy grooming routine
This dog has a coat of flat, short hair that requires weekly brushing.
Not good with children
Unless it is socialized to deal with children, this breed is not a good choice for a family with small kids.
An excellent guard dog
These dogs that are always alert and aware of their environment.
Needs a lot of exercise
These are high-energy canines that need at least 40 minutes of exercise per day.
Easy to train with the right program
Though they have an independent streak, these dogs can be trained with words of praise and treats. They are intelligent and pick up lessons quickly with a positive approach.
Not good with other pets
These dogs have an independent nature and don’t normally mix well with other dogs or cats in a household.
Bull terrier isolated on a white background

Bull Terrier Size and Weight

This is a short-haired breed that’s medium in size. Males grow to be 22 inches tall while females are 21 inches tall at the withers. A fully grown male weighs up to 65 pounds whereas a fully grown female weighs as much as 55 pounds. A seven-week-old puppy weighs around 20 pounds. A standard bull terrier is fully grown at 19 months while a miniature is fully grown at 16 months old. The biggest bull terrier on record weighed 110 pounds.


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Height Weight
Male 22 inches 65 pounds fully grown
Female 21 inches 55 pounds fully grown

Bull Terrier Common Health Issues

As with all dog breeds, bull terriers have some common health issues. Heart disease is one example. It takes the form of a weakened heart valve. Kidney disease is another common health issue in this breed. Kidney disease happens when protein leaks from a dog’s kidneys. A special diet can help this condition. Some bull terriers also deal with patellar luxation. This is when a dog’s kneecap moves out of place causing the dog to limp. Sometimes the kneecap can pop back in proper position on its own. Other times, the dog may need surgery. The most common health issues of this breed include:

  • Heart disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Patellar luxation

Bull Terrier Temperament

Standard bull terriers as well as miniature bull terriers are known for their playful personality. They are strong dogs that like to play frisbee, fetch and chase. These dogs are known for high energy behavior such as running, jumping, digging and more. This makes them ideal for dog sporting and agility events where they are being timed.

Health and Entertainment for your Bull Terrier

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One thing to keep in mind about bull terriers is they can be aggressive if not socialized and provided with thorough obedience training. This dog has a strong personality and needs to know what type of behavior is expected of it. One of its most impressive traits is loyalty. They make great companions for adults or older children.

How to Take Care of a Bull Terrier

Learning about the specific dietary needs, exercise requirements and grooming routine of bull terriers can help an owner take the best possible care of their pet. Plus, choosing the right type of food for a puppy or adult bull terrier can help to prevent some of their most common health issues.

Bull Terrier Food and Diet

Of course, puppies need a different type of diet than grown bull terriers.

For puppies, protein is the first nutrient to look for in their food. Amino acids in protein contribute to strengthening the dog’s muscular body. This can promote healthy growth of the knees to prevent patellar luxation. Also, protein supports healthy skin and hair. Calcium supports the growth of healthy bones and teeth. Vitamin E and C contribute to healthy kidney growth in a puppy.

Protein plays an important part in the diet of an adult bull terrier as well. Protein along with a controlled amount of fat give this dog energy to support its various activities. Controlling the fat in an adult dog’s diet can help to prevent heart disease. Calcium contributes to healthy bones and teeth in adult dogs. This can prevent dental issues. Vitamin E and C can help guard against kidney disease. Vitamin A supports the healthy vision of this dog.

Bull Terrier Maintenance and Grooming

How much does a bull terrier shed? A bull terrier sheds a moderate amount. It may shed a little more at the change of seasons.

This dog requires weekly brushing. A soft brush with boar’s hair bristles is a quality grooming tool for a bull terrier’s coat. A grooming glove can be used to groom the dog’s legs and face to remove loose or dead hair. It’s most effective to start at the dog’s head and move toward its tail. This routine is appropriate for both standard bull terriers and miniature bull terriers. A good grooming routine keeps a bull terrier’s coat glossy and gives an owner the chance to bond with this dog.

A White Cavalier terrier needs a grooming routine that’s a little more time-consuming. This dog with its pure white coat needs to be bathed more often to keep its hair looking clean and glossy.

Bull terriers can develop red, itchy patches of skin due to food or seasonal allergies. Asking a veterinarian about the dog’s diet and testing for seasonal allergies can help to clear up this condition.

Bull Terrier Training

Bull terriers are intelligent dogs, but they have an independent nature. This can make training challenging if an owner doesn’t go about it the right way. Words of praise are helpful in keeping this dog focused. Making the lessons fun with delicious treats is also very effective with this breed.

A border collie is another intelligent dog, but it’s easier to train than a bull terrier because it doesn’t have an independent streak.

Bull Terrier Exercise

Whether an owner has a miniature or standard bull terrier, this dog needs exercise every day. This pup has a lot of energy that it needs to burn off in order to stay healthy. It needs at least 40 minutes of exercise each day. Running, jumping, fetching a ball, playing chase, or catching a frisbee are all activities that provide a bull terrier with great exercise. It’s not a good idea to take this dog to a dog park. Generally, bull terriers don’t get along with other dogs.

Bull terriers are muscular dogs that are fast and like to keep moving. They need a large living space. So, they are not recommended for apartment living. A medium to large fenced in backyard is a great place for a bull terrier to stretch its legs.

Bull Terrier Puppies

One of the most important things to remember about raising a bull terrier puppy has to do with diet. These dogs can overeat and become obese. This can lead to a lot of health problems. So, feeding a puppy the right amount of food is just as crucial as feeding it a nutritional diet.

White bull terrier puppy

Bull Terriers and Children

Bull terriers aren’t an advisable choice for families with small children. These dogs can be aggressive if they aren’t socialized. They are very strong and could inadvertently injure small children while playing or running in the yard.

Dogs Similar to the Bull Terrier

Other breeds similar to bull terriers include the American Staffordshire terrier, the Airedale terrier, and the Bedlington terrier.

  • American Staffordshire Terrier: This dog has a lot in common with bull terriers including a friendly personality, easy grooming routine and loyal nature. But, while these dogs have a lot of energy, they are not as energetic as bull terriers. American Pit Bull Terriersare similar to the American Staffordshire terrier.
  • Airedale Terrier: Like a bull terrier, an Airedale is playful, intelligent and an excellent guard dog. But its grooming routine is a little more complicated due to its wiry coat.
  • Bedlington Terrier: Bedlington terriers are affectionate, friendly, and active. They do require more grooming than bull terriers because of their long, curly coat.

Famous Bull Terriers

A few celebrities count the bull terrier as a favorite pooch.

  • Singer Taylor Swift owns a bull terrier
  • Singer Eric Clapton has pet bull terrier
  • English singer Lily Allen has a beloved bull terrier

Some popular names for bull terriers include:

  • Bella
  • Lucy
  • Harley
  • Cooper
  • Chloe
  • Thor
  • Bentley
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Bull Terrier FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What is a bull terrier?

A bull terrier is a muscular dog with an egg-shaped head with ears that stand up. They are highly active dogs with a friendly, loyal nature. Miniature bull terriers, the American Staffordshire terrier, White Cavalier terrier, and American pit bull terriers are all part of the terrier group.

How much does it cost to own a bull terrier?

The initial cost of a purebred bull terrier is around $1600. The vet costs for this dog range between $300 and $500 a year for basic care and vaccinations. The food budget for a bull terrier ranges from $75 to $100 a month depending on what type of food an owner chooses.

Are bull terriers good with kids?

They are not good with small children. These dogs are very energetic and strong. They may accidently bump into a child while playing or mistake a child’s behavior as threatening.

How long does a bull terrier live?

The lifespan of a bull terrier is 11 to 14 years.

Is a bull terrier a good family dog?

It’s a good family dog for a family with older children or a family with adults only.

Are bull terriers dangerous?

Like any dog, a bull terrier can have unexpected or aggressive behavior depending on the circumstance. This breed can be aggressive toward small children if it’s not properly socialized.

Are bull terriers hard to train?

If an owner uses words of praise and treats during a training session, bull terriers are relatively easy to train.

Are Bull Terriers herbivores, carnivores, or omnivores?

Bull Terriers are Omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and other animals.

What Kingdom do Bull Terriers belong to?

Bull Terriers belong to the Kingdom Animalia.

What class do Bull Terriers belong to?

Bull Terriers belong to the class Mammalia.

What phylum to Bull Terriers belong to?

Bull Terriers belong to the phylum Chordata.

What family do Bull Terriers belong to?

Bull Terriers belong to the family Canidae.

What order do Bull Terriers belong to?

Bull Terriers belong to the order Carnivora.

What genus do Bull Terriers belong to?

Bull Terriers belong to the genus Canis.

What type of covering do Bull Terriers have?

Bull Terriers are covered in Hair.

How many babies do Bull Terriers have?

The average number of babies a Bull Terrier has is 7.

What is an interesting fact about Bull Terriers?

Bull Terriers need to be kept active!

What is the scientific name for the Bull Terrier?

The scientific name for the Bull Terrier is Canis Lupus.

Sources
  1. American Kennel Club, Available here: https://www.akc.org/dog-breeds/bull-terrier/
  2. , Available here: https://animalhealthcenternh.com/client-resources/breed-info/bull-terrier-colored/
  3. Rover, Available here: https://www.rover.com/blog/breed-spotlight-staffordshire-bull-terrier/

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