Animals in Europe

Below you can find a complete list of European animals. We currently track 294 animals in Europe and are adding more every day!

Europe is a continent in the northeastern hemisphere. As the second smallest continent in the world, it covers 6.8% of the Earth’s land area and 2% of the surface, with a higher coast-to-landmass ratio than any other. Geographically, it varies within a small area. There are more mountains in the south, while the north encompasses hilly uplands and the east has northern plains called the Great European Plain.

The north-western seaboard also has uplands, while mainland central Europe has river valleys, basins, and plateaus. The climate is temperate, or warm and wet, as influenced by the Gulf Stream. It is colder in the north than in the south, and colder from the west going eastward. Within these environments exist wildlife that is common in Europe, with species that are unique to the continent and sometimes the world.

The Official National Animal of Europe

Because Europe is a continent made up of several different countries, each with its own language and culture, there is no one single official national animal. Instead, you can find official national animals of individual European countries. For example, the lion represents bravery and courage, and it is one of the official national animals of the Netherlands, Norway, and England.

Some countries do not have an official national animal. However, the big 5 animals of Europe are the European Bison, the lynx, the wolverine, the brown bear, and the wolf selected as the most impressive animals on the continent.

Where To Find The Top Wild Animals in Europe

  • Kainuu Forest, Finland: Red-flanked bluetails, Ural owls, woodpeckers, black grouse, golden eagles, elks, lynxes, wolverines, wolves, bears, and flying squirrels.
  • Białowieża Forest, Poland: Lynxes, wolves, elks and 56 other mammal species, 250 bird species including white-tailed eagles and rare woodpecker species, and about 900 of the famous European bison.
  • Pindus Mountains, Greece: 11 wildlife sanctuaries for spoonbills, egrets, herons, brown bears, red deer, otters, jackals, and wolves.
  • Southern Carpathian Mountains, Romania: Bears, lynxes, wolves, wild boars, red deer, roe deer, chamois, and wild cats.
  • Côa Valley, Portugal: Eagles, vultures, red-rumped swallows, alpine swifts, eagle owls, and black storks. Within is the Reserva da Faia Brava, an independent nature reserve which includes animals such as red deer, ibex, Iberian wolves, Maronesa cattle and wild Garrano horses.
  • Highlands and Inner Hebrides, Scotland: Golden eagles, red deer and mountain hares. At the Isle of Rum are sea eagles, otters, seals, ponies, wild goats, ponies, and red deer.
  • Svalbard, Norway: In the pine forests are lynxes, elks, wolves and brown bears, while the northern fjords have orcas.
  • Norfolk, England: Sea birds and grey and common seals.
  • Spain: The National Park of Sierra de Andujar at Malaga has the unique and rare Iberian Lynx. Lizards, dromedaries and goats are on the Canary Islands, and Tenerife has whales, dolphins, octopuses, rays, jellyfish, turtles, and coral.
  • France: The Camargue in Marseilles has beavers, bulls, boars, horses, and flamingos. The Pyrenees has chamois, otters, foxes, birds, deer, and bears. And the Alps and Vosges are home to Eurasian lynxes, wolves, and ibexes.

The Most Dangerous Animals In Europe Today

The European Bison is more dangerous than any bear, with bison mothers being prone to charging at anyone. Other dangerous mammals that are also some of the biggest animals are the Brown Bear, Wolverine, Eurasian Wolf, Wild Boar, and Polar Bear. All are predators except for the European Bison and the Wild Boar. The Great White Shark is another very dangerous animal.

The Common or European Adder, a common poisonous snake throughout Europe, is a small viper that lives in many different habitats. The Asp Viper is another venomous, dangerous snake.

Some other dangerous animals are less obvious. The Castor Bean Tick transmits Lyme disease, Q fever, and tick-borne encephalitis, while the Portuguese Man O’War causes extreme pain, fever, shock, and respiratory issues which can lead to drowning. A relative of other black widow spiders, the Mediterranean Black Widow Spider is the most venomous spider in the continent. A pinprick-like bite results in severe pain and symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, rapid heart rate, and breathing difficulty.

Endangered Animals In Europe

Many of the biggest mammals, including apex predators, were hunted to extinction. For this reason, bears (especially brown bears) and wolves are endangered in Europe. The Saiga is an antelope that is also an endangered animal along with the European Lynx and the Wolverine.

Extinct Animals in Europe

Three main species of extinct wildlife in Europe are the wooly mammoth, dwarf hippo, and dwarf elephant. They are large mammals that were hunted to extinction in prehistoric times.

Unique Animals in Europe

Some of the most common yet unique wild animals in Europe are weasel-like animals, like the European Mink, Marbled Polecat, and the European Pine or Sweet Marten. But they aren’t the only weirdest animals. Related to them is the Wolverine, which is one of the weirdest animals because it is elusive. The European Bison was brought back from being endangered, and the Chamois is a goat-antelope. The Raccoon Dog is related to the fox but looks like a raccoon. A mix between several European bat species is the Alpine Long-Eared Bat. The Puffin is a sea bird with a large, brightly colored beak.

European Countries Animals Lists

Click any of the countries below to see a detailed list of animals located in that country!

European Animals

Affenpinscher

First bred in 17th century Germany!

Airedale Terrier

Very intelligent, independent and strong-minded!

Akbash

Often used as a guard dog!

Alpine Dachsbracke

Good companion and hard-working breed!

Alpine Goat

Alpine goats are the most common type of goat used for milk, cheese, and other dairy products

American Eskimo Dog

The American Eskimo has splendid all white fur and an upturned tail

Anatolian Shepherd Dog

Guards it's master's flocks!

Angora Goat

Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.

Ant

First evolved 100 million years ago!

Appenzeller Dog

Herding dog by nature!

Arctic Fox

Extremely thick winter fur!

Aurochs

Extinct ancestor of all domesticated cattle!

Avocet

Has a curved, upturned beak!

Badger

Can reach speeds of 30 km/h!

Barn Owl

Found everywhere around the world!

Basset Fauve de Bretagne

A friendly and intelligent hunting dog that loves nothing more than to spend time with its owner.

Basset Hound

Forget the training when not rewarded!

Bat

Detects prey using echolocation!

Bavarian Mountain Hound

Calm, quiet and poised!

Beagle

Have become popular family pets!

Bear

There are 8 different species!

Bearded Collie

Weekly brushing is mandatory!

Beaver

Builds a dam from sticks and leaves!

Bedlington Terrier

Highly active and intelligent dogs!

Beetle

There are more than 350,000 different species

Belgian Shepherd

The sheepdog is also known as the Groenendael. All four Belgian varieties have nicknames for Belgian villages.

Bergamasco

Bergamascos are excellent problem solvers; they were bred to be independent as they work alongside their nomadic shepherd owners.

Bernese Mountain Dog

Very loyal, faithful and affectionate!

Bichon Frise

Gentle mannered, playful and affectionate!

Bird

Not all birds are able to fly!

Black Widow Spider

They typically prey on insects!

Bloodhound

Affectionate, gentle and even-tempered!

Bolognese Dog

From the northern Italian city of Bologna!

Border Collie

Highly intelligent and alert breed!

Border Terrier

Small, rough-coated breed of terrier!

Boxer Dog

Bright, energetic and playful!

Brittany

The breed was formerly known as the Brittany spaniel

Brown Bear

A dominant predator in it's environment!

Brussels Griffon

The Brussels Griffon prefers to live with another dog so they have a companion to play with.

Bull Terrier

Needs to be kept active!

Bulldog

Friendly, loving and docile!

Bullmastiff

Courageous, loyal and calm!

Bumblebee

The most common species of bee!

Butterfly

There are thought to be up 20,000 species!

Cairn Terrier

Intelligent, lively and strong!

Camel Cricket

The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.

Cane Corso

Cane Corsos nearly became extinct in the mid 1900’s, but the breed was revived by a group of Italians. Even so, they still didn’t become known in many other parts of the world until after 1988.

Cashmere Goat

Cashmere goat are named after Kashmir regions of India and Pakistan

Cat

First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!

Caterpillar

The larvae of a moth or butterfly!

Catfish

There are nearly 3,000 different species!

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Highly playful and affectionate!

Centipede

There are about 3,000 documented species!

Cesky Fousek

An affectionate hunting dog!

Cesky Terrier

This breed is also known as the Bohemian Terrier (Bohemia was an historical Medieval kingdom and a region of the modern Czech Republic)

Chamois

Natively found in the European mountains!

Chicken

First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!

Cicada

Cicadas have one of the longest insect lifespans

Clumber Spaniel

Has a thick, soft coat!

Cockroach

Dated to be around 300 million years old!

Collie

Gentle and devoted!

Common Buzzard

The most common raptor in the UK!

Common Frog

Found throughout the European continent!

Common Loon

Also known as the Great Northern Diver

Common Raven

A group of ravens is called an unkindness or a conspiracy.

Common Toad

Most active in wet weather!

Cow

There are nearly 1.5 million worldwide!

Crab

There are 93 different crab groups

Crab Spider

Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings

Crane

Many are critically endangered species!

Curly Coated Retriever

A lively and fun-loving breed!

Dachshund

Fun and playful breed of small dog!

Dalmatian

Have an energetic and playful nature!

Dapple Dachshund

A Dapple Dachshund’s dappling pattern may be just one spot, or it may be numerous spots and splashes on their coat.

Deer

There are around 40 different species!

Desert Locust

Solitary locusts are grey while gregarious locusts are yellow with stripes.

Deutsche Bracke

Has long drop ears and a long narrow tail!

Doberman Pinscher

A gentle, loyal and loving breed!

Dog

First domesticated in South-East Asia!

Dogue De Bordeaux

Extremely loyal and devoted to it's master!

Donkey

First domesticated 5,000 years ago!

Dormouse

Found in Europe, Africa and Asia!

Dragonfly

It's larvae are carnivorous!

Drever

Uncommon outside of Europe!

Duck

Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!

Dunker

A friendly and relaxed dog!

Eagle

Has exceptional eyesight!

Earwig

There are nearly 2,000 different species!

Edible Frog

Are known to guard the muddy banks!

Eel

Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!

English Cocker Spaniel

Intelligent yet stubborn by nature!

English Cream Golden Retriever

Although their coats can get incredibly light in color, golden retrievers never have purely white coats.

English Springer Spaniel

Friendly and eager to please!

Entlebucher Mountain Dog

Native to parts of the Swiss Alps!

Epagneul Pont Audemer

Hard-working, gentle and affectionate!

Ermine

A very bold and ferocious predator!

Estrela Mountain Dog

Very protective and stubborn!

Falcon

The fastest creatures on the planet!

Fallow deer

The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.

Ferret

Ferrets can be trained to do tricks like dogs!

Field Spaniel

A sociable and adaptable breed!

Finnish Spitz

Likes to bark a lot!

Fire-Bellied Toad

Found across mainland Europe and Asia!

Fire salamander

Its name comes from the fact that people once believed it was born in fire

Flamingo

Sleeps on just one leg!

Flat-Coated Retriever

A game retrieving gun-dog!

Fly

There are more than 240,000 different species!

Flying Squirrel

Can glide up to 90 meters!

Fox

There are 12 different species in the world!

Fox Terrier

First bred in the mid-19th century!

French Bulldog

French bulldogs are known to be very sensitive, harboring emotions that they love to express

Frog

There are around 7,000 different species!

German Pinscher

Highly intelligent and fast learners!

German Shepherd Guide

Highly active and fearless dogs!

German Spitz

There are five different sub-breeds of the German Spitz.

Giant Schnauzer

Large, powerful and dominant!

Glass Lizard

Can grow up to 4ft long!

Glen Of Imaal Terrier

This dog is also named the Wicklow Terrier after the county of its origin.

Glow Worm

Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!

Goat

Most closely related to the Sheep!

Golden Oriole

Migrates between Europe and Asia!

Golden Retriever

Trusting, kind and gentle!

Goose

There are 29 different species!

Grasshopper

There are 11,000 known species!

Great Dane

Large and imposing in appearance!

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

Protective and gentle by nature!

Greyhound

Extremely fast and athletic!

Grouse

Feathered legs and toes!

Hamster

Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!

Hare

Can reach speeds of over 40 mph!

Harrier

Cheerful, tolerant and sweet-tempered!

Hedgehog

Thought to be one of the oldest mammals on Earth!

Heron

Inhabits wetlands around the world!

Highland Cattle

Natively found in the Scottish Highlands!

Honey Bee

There are only 8 recognized species!

Hoopoe

Stunning bird with a stinky way to deter predators!

Horse

Has evolved over 50 million years!

Horsefly

Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.

Human

Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!

Huntsman Spider

Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.

Hyena

There are four different species!

Ibex

Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill

Ibizan Hound

Intelligent, active and engaging by nature!

Insects

There are an estimated 30 million species!

Irish Setter

Can live for up to 16 years!

Irish Terrier

An average 300 Irish Terrier puppies are born each year in the United States.

Irish WolfHound

Sweet-tempered, patient and thoughtful!

Italian Greyhound

The Italian Greyhound is a miniature dog with a big motor and personality!

Jack Russell

Intelligent, athletic and fearless!

Jackal

Can maintain speeds of 16 km/h!

Keeshond

Friendly, alert dogs that are loyal to their owners

Kerry Blue Terrier

They are born black, and turn gray-blue as they age.

Kingfisher

Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!

Kooikerhondje

If Kooikerhondjes look familiar, it’s because old Dutch masters like Rembrandt and Jan Steen liked to paint them.

Kuvasz

Ownership of this dog was once restricted to the Hungarian nobility

Labmaraner

Loves to participate in activities.

Labrador Retriever

Well-balanced, friendly and versatile!

Ladybug

There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!

Lakeland Terrier

These dogs were once used by farmers to keep foxes away from herds of sheep.

Lemming

Does not hibernate during the bitter Arctic winter!

Lizard

There are around 5,000 different species!

Loach

Have sharp spines below their eyes

Locust

Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.

Long-Eared Owl

Ear tufts make it look bigger!

Lynx

Live in dens in rocks and under ledges!

Magpie

They are found across Europe, Asia and Africa!

Mallard

With an appropriate tail wind, the mallard can travel hundreds of miles a day

Maltese

Originally bred in Europe!

Manchester Terrier

Fences are no match for Manchester terriers. They’re great escape artists!

Marmot

A marmot spends 80% of its life below ground

Marsh Frog

Has bright green skin!

Mastiff

Courageous, calm and affectionate!

Mayfly

There are 2,500 known species worldwide!

Millipede

Some species have a poisonous bite!

Miniature Bull Terrier

This dog has a very happy-go-lucky temperament.

Mink

The mink can swim up to 100 feet underwater.

Mole

Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!

Monarch Butterfly

During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.

Mongrel

Has characteristics of two or more breeds!

Moorhen

Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!

Moose

Renews it's enormous antlers every year!

Moth

There are 250,000 different species!

Mouse

Found on every continent on Earth!

Mule

The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!

Muskox

Muskox have several physical characteristics that allow them to survive in the Arctic climate.

Muskrat

The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time

Neanderthal

Roamed Asia and Europe for around 100,000 years!

Neapolitan Mastiff

Fearless and extremely protective of it's home!

Newt

Able to regrow lost or damaged limbs!

Nightingale

Named more than 1,000 years ago!

No See Ums

There are more than 5,000 species.

Norfolk Terrier

Fearless but not aggressive!

Norwegian Forest

Has a long, thick double coat of fur!

Old English Sheepdog

Intelligent, sociable and playful!

Olm

Inhabits dark underwater caves

Otter

There are 13 different species worldwide

Otterhound

Otterhounds have webbed feet making them great swimmers!

Parson Russell Terrier

The root stock of the breed was a dog named Trump

Patterdale Terrier

A Patterdale Terrier’s small body structure allows it to squeeze into fox burrows.

Peregrine Falcon

Fastest animal on Earth

Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen

A small dog with a big, lively personality.

Pheasant

Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!

Pig

Thought to have been domesticated in 9,000 BC!

Pigeon

They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.

Pika

Found in mountainous regions and rocky areas

Pike Fish

Apex freshwater predators with fearsome teeth!

Pocket Beagle

Queen Elizabeth I of England once owned several Pocket Beagles

Pointer

An independent, loyal and high energy breed!

Polar Bear

Could be extinct within the next 30 years!

Polish Lowland Sheepdog

Despite having shaggy hair that covers its eyes, this dog is known for its watchful gaze when guarding a herd.

Pond Skater

There are 500 different species!

Poodle

Intelligent, alert and active!

Pool Frog

The rarest amphibian in the UK!

Porcupine

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Porpoise

Surprisingly, not a dolphin!

Pudelpointer

Like their poodle parent, Pudelpointers love to swim in pools!

Puffin

Can remain in the water for up to 2 minutes!

Pugapoo

The pugapoo is the fusion of a pug and a poodle.

Purple Emperor Butterfly

Inhabits deciduous forests!

Puss Moth

Caterpillars squirt formic acid!

Quail

Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!

Rabbit

There are more than 50 different species!

Raccoon

Known to wash their food before eating it!

Raccoon Dog

The only hibernating canine!

Rat

Omnivores that eat anything!

Red Fox

The red fox actually has many different variations of fur, including silver and brown.

Reindeer

Also known as the Caribou

River Turtle

Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!

Robin

There are more than 45 species in Australia alone!

Rodents

The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.

Rottweiler

Strong, loyal and self-assured!

Russell Terrier

The Russell Terrier was bred to be a good fox hunter with a keen sense of smell

Saint Bernard

Gentle, loyal and friendly!

Salamander

There are more than 700 different species!

Sand Lizard

Males turn green in spring!

Scorpion

There are around 2,000 known species!

Scottish Terrier

This breed is nicknamed the “Diehard” because of its iron will and steely determination.

Seahorse

Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!

Sealyham Terrier

Very endangered breed that is scion of several breeds that include one that is already extinct

Sheep

Around 35 million in the English countryside!

Shrimp

There are 2,000 different species worldwide!

Skink Lizard

Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.

Skye Terrier

Skye terriers are the oldest terrier breed, dating back at least 400 years.

Slow Worm

Found widely throughout British gardens!

Smooth Fox Terrier

These dogs are known for their fast digging abilities.

Snail

There are nearly 1,000 different species!

Snake

There are around 3,000 known species worldwide

Snowy Owl

One of the largest owl species in the world!

Spadefoot Toad

They spend most of their time underground!

Spanish Goat

They have long, horizontal ears.

Sparrow

There are 140 different species!

Squirrel

Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

Known for their loyalty to their family!

Stag Beetle

More than 1,200 different species!

Stick Insect

There are more than 3,000 different species!

Stoat

Average adults weigh about 200 grams!

Striped Hyena

The striped hyenas usually mark their territories with the help of the scent gland secretions from their anal pouch.

Swan

Populations have been affected by pollution!

Syrian Hamster

Can get used to and respond to human voice

Tawny Owl

The most widespread owl in Europe!

Termite

Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!

Terrier

Terriers were once the greatest dogs in the world.

Thrush

The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.

Tiger Moth

The bright colors of this moth are a signal to predators that it has a terrible taste.

Tortoise

Can live until they are more than 150 years old!

Toy Poodle

The word poodle is derived from German, and it means to splash or puddle.

Tree Frog

Found in warmer jungles and forests!

Turkish Angora

A breed that originated in central Turkey!

Vulture

There are 30 different species worldwide!

Wasp

There are around 75,000 recognised species!

Water Buffalo

Has been domesticated for thousands of years!

Water Vole

The largest Vole species in the UK!

Weasel

The smallest carnivorous mammal in the world!

Welsh Corgi

There are two distinct breeds!

Welsh Terrier

The Welsh Terrier has the strength and tenacity to take on foxes and badgers.

West Highland Terrier

Most commonly white in colour!

Wheaten Terrier

Originally bred as a farm dog, the Wheaten Terrier can be very protective of its domain.

Whippet

Quiet, gentle and restful dogs!

Wild Boar

Males have a top tusk to sharpen the bottom one!

Wire Fox Terrier

The Wire Fox Terrier was bred from the now extinct Rough Coated Black and Tan Terrier to hunt down foxes.

Wolf

Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!

Wolf Spider

Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.

Wolverine

Releases a strong smelling musk in defence!

Woodlouse

Actually a crustacean, not an insect!

Woodpecker

There are 200 different species!

Yorkshire Terrier

Highly energetic and eager for adventure!

European Animals List

Animals in Europe FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Which animals are found in Europe?

Foxes (especially red foxes), jackals, martens, hedgehogs, snakes and other reptiles, amphibians, insects, and various birds, including birds of prey. There are many herbivores including snails, rodents, deer, boars and other mammals. Many sea creatures exist as well, including fish, whales, dolphins, molluscs, crustaceans, squids, and octopuses.

What are the Big 5 animals in Europe?

The European Bison, the lynx, the wolverine, the brown bear, and the wolf.

What is the weirdest animal in Europe?

European wildlife has some of the weirdest animals around. The Chamois and the Wolverine are just a couple of examples.

Why does Europe have no dangerous animals?

Many of the biggest mammals, which are dangerous top predators, were hunted until they went extinct, while others are currently endangered. But this doesn’t mean there aren’t any dangerous animals.